Iwona's Sources - Lithuanian Tatars

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Lithuanian Tatars

Tatars in Poland are associated more with history than with our times. The image of the Tatar from the past is that of a powerful, wrathful warrior, a savage invader. Pages from Poland’s centuries of history, however, treat Tatars rather as allies; many times their companies reinforced the armies of Lithuania and Poland.

The numbers of these Tatars were usually not large, on average amounting to a few thousand. Currently they comprise an ethnic minority of 5,000, a most exotic one, and the only one of the Muslim faith.

In the 14th century they came here from faraway Mongolia. They were descendants of the clan of Genghis Khan, during whose reign the Mongol Empire covered more than half of Asia and almost all eastern Europe. Their native religion was shamanism, but under the influence of the people they defeated they adopted other religions, especially Islam. The first mention of Christian Tatars in Lithuania dates from the mid-13th century.

Historical events incorporated Tatars into Polish society over the following centuries. The 14th century was a time of war with the Crusaders, and the beginning of internal conflicts in the Mongolian Empire. The Tatars sought shelter in the West and came here not only with their entire families but with their own military units as well. The reign of Vytautas [Polish name Witold], Grand Duke of Lithuania, was the best time for the Tatars’ colonization. Vytautas was recognized—and not without reason—as the creator of Tatar settlement in Poland. He rewarded the Tatars for loyalty and military service rendered with numerous privileges: he gave them extensive land, titles, and guaranteed freedom of religion and customs. The Tatars mingled with the moderately wealthy nobles, and even occupied high offices (although they were not allowed into political positions in view of their Islamic faith).

At that time noble circles followed the principles of clan heraldry, which also had an influence on the formation of the clan signs of the Tatar families.

In the Commonwealth the heraldic system was not subject to any legal registration, and lists were drawn up spontaneously by private individuals. Generally these lists did not include Tatar herby [coats of arms]. Tatar arms usually were based on their own former family signs, which originally were used for the purpose of marking livestock and military equipment. They enriched their signs with new elements, often under the influence of identity with the arms of Polish nobility. The most characteristic symbols in the arms of Lithuanian Tatars were the crescent moon, stars, horseshoes, swords, arrows, sabers, and hearts.

The period of the partitions brought new regulations to the noble clans. According to Russian law a system was introduced of six genealogical registers, which in their initial phase also included Lithuanian Tatar clans, until an 1819 statute placed them in their own separate list. This registration was accompanied by disagreements and speculation; the majority of the Lithuanian Tatar nobility decided to adopt clan arms as recognized by class laws and nobility deputations. Arms were also proclaimed on the basis of self-recognition; no one questioned this.

In the end Lithuanian Tatar coats of arms never received a comprehensive listing, due mainly to reorganization and separate decrees of the Russian heraldic service. In spite of that, the heraldry of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth existed and lived its own life according to its own independent and traditional system.

The list of clans of Lithuanian Tatars given here was compiled by Stanisław Dunin, a doctor of historical science, who dedicated 30 years of research to this work. As he himself stated, he tried to present rather traditional versions, and thus in the end either those legally regulated, or those confirmed in other historical sources.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Tatarzy a Polska, Kazimierz Król, 1922.
Muslimowie czyli tzw. Tatarzy Litewscy, Julian Hryncewicz-Talko, 1929.
Tatarzy na Litwie i w Polsce, Jan Tyszkiewicz, 1989.
Tatarzy w dawnej Rzeczypospolitej, Piotr Borawski, 1986
Herbarz rodzin tatarskich Wielkiego Księstwa Litewskiego, Stanisław Dunin, 1999

Listings of Noble Tartars

In this list the surname is given, then the coat of arms associated with that family, then the date (when available) and name of the first member of the family appearing in records Dunin found, along with the property that Tatar was registered as owning.

Abrahimowicz-Ulanicki, 1651 Musa A., property in Iwanowo, Minsk gubernia
Abramowicz-Rodlinowicz – arms DoŁęga, 1707 Mustafa A.-R., prop. Bołdury in Oszmiany county
Abuniewicz – arms Nieczuja, Dawid A., landlord of Ordziszki and Butrymańce, Troki province
Achmatowicz – Achmat, Mustafa Achmatowicz, in 1751 owner of Waka-Wojdegi, Wilno county
Achmatowicz – arms Kotwica, 1719 Bohdan A., Kojacienięcie in Oszmiany county
Adamowicz – arms Leliwa, 1770 Aleksander A., landlord in Gobiaty, Grodno county
Aleksandrowicz – arms Aleksandrowicz, 1586 Nastyfa A. Turczynowicz, property in Taszlikowska near Opita, Oszmiany county
Aleksandrowicz – arms Śreniawa, 1708 Chalil A., landlord of part of Rejże, Troki prov.
Alijewicz – arms Strzała, 1615 Asan A., landlord of Waka in Wilno county
Assanowicz – arms Akszak, 1706 Dawid A., Podrzwańczyk property near Rudominy, Wilno county
Assanowicz – arms Amadej, Abrahim A. Myślewicz, 1631 manor houses in Osienowski and Madarowski
Assanowicz – arms Łuk (Łuk and Trzy Strzały), 1666 Szaban A. in Komarowszczyzna, Mścisław province
Azulewicz – arms Alabanda, 1819 Dawid A., landlord of Gudetki-Ligojnie, Troki province
Azulewicz – arms Azulewicz, 1777 Alexander A., landlord of Lemuciany-Kurmańczyki (called also Ponary)
Bajraszewski – arms Łuk, 1559 Achmet B., landlord of Soboluńce in Lida county
Bajrulewicz – arms Dołęga, 1595 Bajrul Mustaficz, Ponary-Gudzielewszczyzna, Oszmiany county
Bartosiewicz – arms Janadar, 1799 Mikołaj and Jerzy B., Samowo in Kowno c.
Basarzewski – arms Świerczek, 1725, owner of Bernowicze and Humniszcze, Minsk gubernia
Bazarewicz Kurmanowicz – arms Bazarewicz, 1591 Bazar Kurmanowicz, Maluszyce in Nowogrod province, Mysa in Oszmiany county
Bazarewicz – arms Bażeński, 1670 Jan B., landlord of Bazary in Troki prov.
Bazarewski – arms Świerczek, 1534 Bazar Olechnowicz, owner of Arwodowszczyzna land, Wilno gubernia
Biciutko – arms Pogonia I, 1631 Dawid B., manor houses Osienowski and Madarowski
Biegański – arms Miesiąc, 1729 Sulejman B., landlord of Woropajewo-Wasilewszczyzna in Oszmiany county
Bielak – arms Bielak, 1668 Osman B., Grodna gubernia
Bohdanowicz – arms Łada, 1732 Chusejn B., manor Kulbiszki, Rejże, Troki prov.
Bohdanowicz – arms Niezgoda, 1641 Adam Mustafowicz B. part of Rejże and Lehuszewo manor house in Minsk prov.
Boniuticz – arms Pogonia III, 1651 Dawid Baniuticz from Orda, Minsk gubernia
Buczacki – arms Abdank, Jan Buczacki, 1678; his son Achmet owner of Lowczyce-Bobasze, Nowogrod prov.
Butler – arms Butler, 1683 Józef Januszewicz Butler, Melechowicze and manor house in Kozaklary, Troki prov.
Chalecki – arms Bończa, 1676 Mahmet Ch. Kumanowicz, Musakowszczyzna, Oszmiany county
Chalecki – arms Chalecki, 1724 Chalembek Ch., landlord of Sejmany, Troki prov.
Chalembek – arms Wąż, 1747 Józef, manor house Brudzińszczyzna in Rejże, Minsk gubernia
Chasieniewicz – arms Godziemba
Chazbijewicz Murza – arms Boża Wola, 1670 MikoŁaj Ch., property in Rejże, Troki prov.
Churamowicz – arms Łuk, 1725 Stefan Mustafa Ch., Stary Konstantynów
Czaiński, Janowicz-Czaiński – arms Dzida, 1669 Chasień J.-Cz., property in Ponizie in Oszmiany county and Niemieża in Wilno county
Czymbajewicz – arms Radwan, 1713 Bachtijar Cz., Merszlany, Wilno prov.
Czymbajewicz – arms Warnia, 1698 Czymbaj Murzy, property in Łomazy, Grodno gubernia
Dawidowicz – arms Strzała, 1735 Szaban D., property in Sorok Tatary, Troki prov.
Dowgiałło – arms KajszyŁy, 1645 Jałym Achmeciewicz Murzy D., Dowbuciszki, Łostaje in Oszmiany county
Dowlasiewicz – arms Samson, 1822 Daniel D., property in Bohoniki, Białystok district
Dzienajewicz – arms Topór, 1633 Alej Dz., property in Giewiany, Troki prov.
Eljasewicz – arms Rudnica, 1653 Dawid E., owner of Łukiszki, Wilno county
Gembicki, Gębicki – arms Biały Zawój, Mustafa Sulimanowicz G. 1635, manor houses in Iskritno and Ostrowno
Illasiewicz – arms Leliwa, 1690 Adam I., landlord in Illuszańce, Troki county
Illasiewicz – arms Iłgowski, 1700 Roman Iljasiewicz, Rejże in Troki prov.
Jabłoński – arms Dąbrowa, 1717 Samuel J., properties in Melechowicze-Kawnaraty, Lida county
Jabłoński – arms Jasieńczyk, 1619 Abdułkierm Sulimowicz J., Bazary in Kowno county
Jabłoński – arms Topór, 1757 Mustafa J., property in Wojtysze (Wojciesze), Minsk county
Jakubowski – Topór, 1665 Abubiekier Chazbijewicz J., property in Koronasarce, Troki prov.
Jałomowski – arms Nałęcz, 1559 Achmet Jałymowicz, Łubiekowska land called Jałomowskie near Raduń
Janczura (Janczurzewicz) – arms Akszak, Samuel J., 1819 in Wilno prov.
Jankiewicz – arms Łuk, 1803 Dawid, Stefan and Leon J. in Juwkowce, Wołyń gubernia
Jankiewicz – arms Pomian, 1742 Ryzwan J. in Siehda, Nowogrod county
Januszewski – arms Dąbrowa, 1819 Jan, Mustafa, Abraham, ancestors came from Rejże and Adamańce, Troki prov.
Jasiński – arms Sas, 1723 Ryzwan J., Ułanowszczyzna and Wojkowszczyzna in Minsk prov.
Jasiński – arms Strzała, 1776 Aleksander J., landlord of Waka-Afendziewicz, Wilno gubernia
Jezierski – arms Topór, 1753 Stefan Mustafa J., landlord of part of Sorok Tatary, Wilno gubernia
Józefowicz – arms Radwan, 1702 Samuel J., owner of Małaszewicze and Zalutyń, Brześć county
Józefowicz – arms ?, 1669 Chazem J., Niemieża in Wilno prov.
Juszyński, arms Murza-Uszyn, Garczyński, 1528 Chazbiej J., owners of Waka-Chazbijewicz and Siedliska on Waka in Troki prov.
Kalina – Jelita, 1691 Abukier Mustopowicz Kalina, Sejmany (Usiejmany) in Troki county
Kieński, Kiński (Mińkiewicz) – Radwan, 1665 Abrahim Alejewicz K., landlord in Kieny-Kadyszewicz, Wilno prov.
Konopacki – Odwaga (Konopacki), 1721 Sulim, land in Szczytomierzyce, Minsk prov.
Korsak from Korsakiewicz – Korsak (Kotwica), 1720 Izmaił, owner of Sielec and Adamańce, in Oszmiana county
Korycki Bondza – Ciołek (Orthodox line), 1686 Timosz K. in Minsk gubernia
Korycki (Murza) – Koryca, 1678 Samuel, land in Lebiedziewo and Małaszewicze, Brześć county
Korycki – Ciołek (Islamic line), 1614 Janusz K., properties in Osmołowo and Iwanowo in Słuck county
Kozakiewicz – Kozakiewicz, 1750 Aleksander, landlord in Waka–Kulzimanowicze
Kozakiewicz – Łuk, 1775 Mustafa, land in Juwkowce, Wołyń prov.
Kryczyński (Najman–Murza, Murza–Najmański) – Radwan, ? – rigin clan: Najman Piotrowicz, land in Kryczyn in Orsza county
Krynicki – Topór, 1653 Heliasz, land in Krynice Wiewiórskie, Wilno gubernia
Krzeczowski – Nurseit, 1567 Nurseit Czerycz, land in Krzeczowice, Lida county
Kurmanowicz – Trzaska, 1725 Aleksander, land in Hamzicze, Minsk prov.
Kustyński – StrzaŁa, 1670 Daniel, land in Waka–Afendziewicz
Lebiedź – Łabędź, 1598 Ajsa, landlord in Siehda, Wilno gubernia
Lelak – Łuk, 1715 Aleksander, land in Juwkowce and Kalitnica, Wołyń prov.
Lisowski – Bończa, 1714 Daniel, landlord of Studzianka in Siedlce gubernia
Łoś – Łuk, 1789 Abraham, land in Kruszyniany, Grodno county
Łowczycki – Sas, 1500 ObduŁa Bohatyr, land in Łowczyce near Nowogródek, also lands in the counties of Troki and Grodno
Makowiecki – Pomian, 1666 Furs, owner of Stylgiany, Wilno gubernia
Makułowicz – Ancuta, 1702 Dawid M. owner of Ordziszki and part of Rejże
Masłowski – Samson, 1726 Stefan, land in Grodno county
Melech – Przyjaciel, 1650– Jan (Janusz), land in Waka–Melechowicze
Michałowski – Radwan, ? Sulejman, land in Niemieża and Soroki Tatary
Milkamanowicz (Miklomanowicz) – Serce Strzałą Przebite, 1748 Ryzwan, owner of Mereszlany, Wilno gubernia
Miśkiewicz – Prawdzic, 1597 Achmet, land in Mysa, Oszmiana county
Mucha – Drzewica, 1714 Mustafa, Dołmatowszczyzna
Mucha – Poronia, 1758 Mustafa, land in Malawicze Górne
Muchla – Muchla and Rudnica
Muchla – Rudnica (Następ):
,,,1. 1559 – Muchladzin Kulzimanowicz, land in Waka Meleczowicze, Wilno gubernia
,,,2. 1770 – Józef Aleksander, land in Soroki Tatary, Wilno gubernia
Murawski (Morawski) – Łuk, 1749 Dawid, owner of Szczerbin, Kijów prov.
Murza–Mucha – Kiena, 1671 Samuel, owner of Gryszkańcy
Murzicz (Murza) – Łuk, 1664 Dawid Achmeciewicz Murza Jałoirski, Łowczyce in Wilno prov.
Musicz – Leliwa, 1735 Dawid, land in Kajkowo, Minsk prov.
Mussielewicz – Grabie, 1794 Mucharema, villages: Japaszewicze, Prudziany, Kozokłary
Mustaficz (Murza) – Miesiąc, 1731 Dawid, land in Niemieże, Wilno prov.
Obulewicz – Radwan, 1652 Dawid Obulewicz, land near Niemieża, Wilno prov.
Okmiński – Okmiński, ? Jan from Studzianki, Polish Commonwealth
Olejkiewicz – Olejkiewicz, 1732 Samuel, land in Prudziany, Wilno prov.
Olejowski – Grzymała, 1679 Michał, lands in Malawicze Górne and Dolne, Bohoniki, Drahle, Poniatowicze
Półtorzycki – Przyjaciel
Półtorzycki – Serce Strzałą Przebite, 1644 Józef Achmeciewicz Baktyszewicz Pułtor, landlord of part of Ponary in Oszmiana county
Popławski – Popławski, ? Dawid, land in Kruszyniany, Grodno county
Radecki – Radwan, 1760 Abraham, land in Polany and Kieny, Wilno gubernia
Radliński – Drzewica, 1819 Jakub, Wilno gubernia
Rafałowicz – Miesiąc, ? Dawid from Wilno gubernia
Rafałowicz – Pielesz, 1660 Heliasz, land in Dobowo, Orsza county
Rajecki – Trzaska, 1633 Jan Aleksander, land in Dobowo, Oszmiana county
Rejżewski – Mohyryn, 1631 Marcin, land in Rejże, Wilno gubernia
Rodkiewicz (Radkiewicz, Ratkiewicz, Rotkiewicz ) – Łuk, 1686 Aleksander, land in Niekraszuńce, Lida county
Romanowicz – Kotwica, 1738 Samuel Romanowicz Kiełbej Murza, owner of Milkiewicze, Niekraszuńce, part of Kudańce in Lida county
Romanowski – Boża Wola, 1679 Samuel R., owner of properties in Studzianka and Łomazy
Romazanowicz – Łuk, 1669 Romazan Milkomanowicz from Wołyń gubernia
Rudziewicz – Miesiąc, 1631 Andrzej, land in Soroki Tatary, Wilno gubernia
Ryzwanowicz (from Mortozów) – Przyjaciel, 1690 Sulejman, part of the land in Rejże, Wilno gubernia
Safarewicz – Łuk, 1631 KieŁdowlec, land in Łukiszki, Wilno county
Seweryn – Trzy StrzaŁy, 1559 Seweryn and Safian, one house in Prudziany, Wilno gubernia
Sielimowicz (Selimowicz) – Akszak,1645 Szachmancyr S., Rejże and Pikcieniszki in Troki county
Siuniekiewicz – Drzewica, 1631 Mucharem S., Łukiszki near Wilno
Skirmunt – Przyjaciel, 1648 Bohdan Asamowicz, owner of Dowbuciszki, Oszmiana county
Smajkiewicz – Mohyła (Mogiła), 1690 Michał, owner of Juchnowszczyzna, Wilno gubernia
Smolski – Leliwa, 1651 Samuel, land in Nowosiołki, Minsk prov.
Smolski – Araź, 1776 Eliasz, properties in Margotroki, Troki county
Smolski – Łuk, 1701 Dawid, land in Łowczyce, Wilno gubernia
Sobolewski (Konkirant–Murza) – Miesiąc–Sobolewski, 1720 Samuel, land in Soboluńce, Wilno gubernia
Sołtan – Korczak, 1760 Aleksander, landlord in Chaleckowszczyzna, Minsk province
Sołtan – Syrokomla, 1760 Mustafa, owner of Chaleckowszczyzna, Minsk gubernia
Sołtyk – Łuk, 1621 Aleksander, in Wołyń gubernia
Sulejmanowicz – Łuk, 1792 Chasien, landlord of part of Prudziany on Waka river, Wilno prov.
Sulewicz (Siulewicz) – Księżyc, 1692 Janusz, landlord of part of Waka–Prudziany, Wilno prov.
Sulkiewicz (Siulkiewicz) – Prassa, 1663 Samuel, owner of part of Prudziany, Ponizie Tatarowszczyzna, Koty and Kaskiewicze, Wilno gubernia
Szabłowski – Łuk, 1631 Romadan Alejewicz, land in Soroki–Tatary in Wilno gubernia
Szahidziewicz – Przyjaciel, ? Rafał, from Nowogródek
Szahuniewicz – Akszak, see Szahuniewicz – Trzaska
Szahuniewicz – Trzaska, 1686 Mustafa, land in Rejże, Troki county
Szczęsnowicz – Szpada, 1828 Eliasz, land in Kruszyniany, Wilno gubernia
Szczęsnowicz – Szpady, 1764 Mustafa, land in Bazary, Troki county
Szczucki – Łuk, 1640 Mustafa, landlord of part of Dowbuciszki, Wilno gubernia
Szehidewicz – Łuk, 1598 Abrahim, land in Siehda, Grodno gubernia
Szumski – Pogonia–4, 1684 Dawid, land in Caruniszki, Kowno county
Szunkiewicz (Szynkiewicz) – Sawur (Szawur), 1728 Jakub, owner of Bór in Minsk prov.
Talkowski – Akszak, see Talkowski – Radzic
Talkowski – Radzic, 1559 Kulziman, owner of Talkuny near Raduń, in Lida county
Tamulewicz – Łabędź, 1679 Dawid, land in Malawicze Górne and Dolne, Bohoniki, Drahle, Poniatowicze in Grodno county
Tokosz – Pielesz, 1744 Tochta Tokoszewicz, land in Soroki–Tatary, Wilno county
Tupalski – Seit, 1699 Chalil Seit, land in Nowe Tatary, Lida county
Ułan–Maluszycki – Ułan:
....1. 1631 – Achmet, landlord in Maluszyce, Nowogródek county
....2. 1440 – Asanczuk Ułanowicz, land in Crimea
Ułan–Polaski – Ułan (2) (StoŁowe Nóźki), 1775 Aleksander, Polany in Wilno gubernia
Wilczyński – Poraj, 1776 Dawid, land in Rejże, Wilno gubernia
Wiosnowski – Księżyc, 1696 Dawid Alejewicz W., part of Prudziany, Wilno prov.
Wojna – Przyjaciel, 1674 Józef, Iwanowo, Minsk gubernia
Woronowicz – Lis, 1561 Woron Tatarzyn, land in Iwie, Minsk gubernia
Zabłocki – Illorya, 1749 Heliasz and Szahan Murza ZabŁockis, ZabŁoć
Zabłocki – Sulima, 1777 Jan, land in Ordzie, Minsk gubernia
Zdanowicz – Łuk, 1795 Mahmet, land in Juwkowce
Żdanowicz (Murza) – Przyjaciel, 1622 Aleksander, Wojtkowszczyzna, Minsk province

Iwona Dakiniewicz, Łódź, Poland genealogy@pro.onet.pl

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